Folegandros belongs to the Cyclades group and is located south, between Milos and Sikinos. The capital of the island is Chora (or Folegandros), which is the largest settlement. In the northern part of Folegandros we find Ano Meria, the most traditional settlement and second most popular on this island. The port, Karavostasi, is located in the southeast.

According to Greek mythology the island was first inhabited by male shepherds who were looking for pastures and this is how it took the name Polyandros that over the year renamed to Polykantros. The current name was given by Minos (king of Crete) for his son, Folegandros, who according to mythology led the Minoans to the island.

Folegandros, along with the islands of Agios Efstratios, Anafi and Sifnos, were designated by the August 4th Regime as places of exile for "communists of minor severity".

Folegandros is 103 nautical miles from Piraeus and the journey takes about 8 hours. You can also reach the island from the surrounding islands.