Karpathos is the second largest island of the Dodecanese, with an area of 324,100 square kilometers. It's located between Crete and Rhodes and is 227 nautical miles from Piraeus, while the capital of the island is Pigadia, also one of the two ports of the island. The first capital of the island until 1892 was the village of Aperi that was probably chosen because of its location, as it's invisible from the sea. Some of the names that have been given to the island from ancient times until today are Tetrapolis, Anemoessa and Scarpanto.
Karpathos is one of the most important and ecologically interesting islands for the protection and conservation of rare species and habitats in Greece. For this reason there are two areas on the island included in the NATURA 2000 network.
You can reach the island either by air or by ferry. Two to three routes per week connect the two ports (Pigadia, Diafani) of the island with Piraeus and the journey takes approximately 20-22 hours. By air, Karpathos is connected to Athens and Thessaloniki, while in the summer months charter flights connect the island with several foreign countries.