Chios is an island in the Aegean Sea and is 122 nautical miles away from Piraeus and 106 nautical miles away from the port of Lavrio. It is the fifth largest island in Greece, with an area of 842 square kilometres and a coastline of 213 kilometres. The capital of the island is the city of Chios.
Archaeological research shows that the island is inhabited since the Neolithic era (6000-5000 B.C.). Since then, the Persians, Alexander the Great, the Romans, the Crusaders, the Genoese and the Ottomans have passed through this place. One of the most important events that occurred in Chios is the massacre that took place in April 1822. The population of Chios before the massacre was more than 100,000 people. About 40.000 inhabitants were slaughtered or captured and several escaped. After the massacre on the island remained 1000 to 2000 residents. While today the island counts about 50,000 inhabitants.
The main exportable products of Chios are mastic, oil, figs and wine. Mastic is a product that is produced only in Chios and especially in the southern part of the island, in the area of Mastihohoria. Another excellent agricultural product of the island is the Chian Tangerine which is considered one of the most aromatic in the world.
You can reach the island of Chios either by boat or by airplane. From Athens there are daily flights to Chios airport, while from Thessaloniki the connection is almost daily. Daily ferry routes from Piraeus, as well as frequent itineraries are made from the port of Lavrio to the port of Mesta. Chios is also connected by ferry to Mytilene, Samos, Ikaria, Agios Efstratios, Limnos, Kavala, oinousses and Psara. Several weekly itineraries are made from the port of Chios to the picturesque village of Cesme in Turkey.