Rhodes is the largest island of the Dodecanese and the fourth largest in Greece, with an area of 1,400.684 square kilometres. It is located in the southeastern Aegean Sea and is 239 nautical miles far from Piraeus. The capital of the island is the city of Rhodes. Several are the names that have been given to the island since antiquity. Nowadays, Rhodes is called the island of the Sun, the island of the Knights or the Emerald Island.
Rhodes has been inhabited since the Neolithic era, with the oldest cities of Ialyssos, Kamiros and Lindos. During the period of the heyday of Rhodes, flourished the sea trade, which kept the island strong for several centuries. During the same period, excellent craftsmen lived on the island. One of the top craftsmen was Haris from Lindos, who constructed the famous colossus of Rhodes in 282 B.C., a statue which was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient world.
In 1309 the island was sold to the order of the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem. The Knights who dominated in the Mediterranean for several years, created on the island the beautiful medieval city of Rhodes, which in 1988 was declared as World Heritage Site from Unesco. In the years that followed after the persecution of the Knights, Rhodes was ruled by the Ottomans and later by the Italians. Rhodes united with Greece in 1947.
You can reach the island either by air or by boat. Frequent itineraries connect the port of Piraeus with Rhodes, while several are the connections with the surrounding islands, as well as the coasts of Turkey. Daily flights are operated from Athens and Thessaloniki, while during summer charter flights connect Rhodes with many destinations abroad.